The project of a well-maintained public space is fixed on the territory, in a place with a certain history and residents. It is important to understand what role eco house design can play on a larger scale and what services it can provide. When considering a project site, different areas are superimposed on its territory: areas of spatial planning – eco friendly design, urban planning – and research areas – mainly landscape ecology, as well as eco friendly interior design, sociology, archeology – and environmental engineering. To register a project site on its territory, it is imperative to adopt an interdisciplinary approach.
Ecological landscape design is a new tool in the law. Its goal is to stop the reduction of biodiversity by preserving and restoring ecological continuity, consisting of biodiversity reservoirs and ecological corridors. It aims to (re) create a unified ecological network at the national territory level so that species of animals and plants can circulate, feed, breed, and relax.
What is ecological design? In other words, ensure their survival and allow ecosystems to continue to provide their services to people. This ecological approach is based on the concepts of landscape ecology, science, which connects the spatial dimension of the landscape with ecological processes, taking into account the natural and anthropogenic dynamics of their landscapes (n ° 5). The urban environment (urban centers, urbanization …) is the most symbolizing anthropic dynamics and seems very restraining for the manifestation of biodiversity.
A place to think about eco house design may seem insignificant at first glance. However, with the advent of urban ecology in the 90s, this urban environment became more famous, and its features were recognized (No. 9). The importance and specificity of green and blue fabric in urban areas is currently being measured. Thus, there are many differences with the natural and agricultural environment: higher temperatures than in rural areas, higher rainfall, polluted atmosphere, artificial soils, constant night lighting, constant human anxiety.
Moreover, there are many cultivated exotic species, few wild carnivorous species replaced by domestic species. Finally, the content of herbicides in public and private premises and their social use do not contribute to the conservation of the desired biodiversity. Urban TBB consists of a grid of parks, gardens, forests, river banks, rows of trees, private and public. Any public landscape project is an integral part of this network. One needs to wonder about the role that he can play there, and about the quality of the connections that need to be sought with other frame elements. There are many tools for implementing TVB: inventory and knowledge tools, such as (natural areas of floristic and faunal interest).
Territorial planning tools at various scales, such as regional ERR (regional environmental coherence plans) or (territorial coherence schemes) at the inter-municipal level, regulatory protection tools such as decrees of biotope prefectures. The link between TVB and spatial planning is subtle; biodiversity ignores administrative boundaries.
Today, this landscape approach remains important because it allows us to consider urban green fabric as a real landscape frame that meets the needs of residents in terms of using and decorating the living environment. This can help structure the various city planning projects of the city and tie them together. You should also consider travel networks (soft links, public transportation). The general plan of public spaces, landscape plans – a response to the needs of residents and their aspirations. In fact, the landscape is an important part of the common interest culturally, ecologically, ecologically and socially.
The public improvement project site can also play an important role on many topics related to environmental regulation: flood prevention, protection of drinking water abstraction, land landslide prevention, climate regulation, contributing to the reduction of the urban heat island effect, so many urban and landscape reflections must be implemented on a scale wide territory, at least inter-municipal. The planning documents combine these considerations: protective perimeters of catchment areas for drinking water, climate energy plans, flood risk prevention plans (PPRI).